Alaska Official Election Pamphlet
BALLOT MEASURE NO. 1: Constitutional Amendment Concerning Statehood Act Changes
This proposed amendment to Alaska's Constitution defines how the state
would agree to a change to the Alaska Statehood Act. This amendment
provides that any changes to the Statehood Act proposed by Congress must
be approved in one of two ways: 1) By a majority vote of Alaskan voters
in an election, or 2) By a two-thirds vote of the state legislature.
Should this Constitutional amendment be adopted?
A vote "FOR" adopts the amendment. [ ]
A vote "AGAINST" rejects the amendment. [ ]
VOTES CAST BY MEMBERS OF THE 19th ALASKA LEGISLATURE ON FINAL PASSAGE:
LEGISLATIVE AFFAIRS AGENCY SUMMARY:
The Alaska Statehood Act admitted Alaska as a new state. Certain state
rights and interests arise out of that Act. The state claims that these
rights and interests cannot be changed by the federal government alone.
The state believes that a change made by federal law that affects a state
interest under the Act must also have the state's consent.
This resolution proposes to add a new section to the state constitution to
require the state's approval of any proposed federal change to the Alaska
Statehood Act that affects a state interest under that Act.
This resolution also sets out two methods by which the
state's approval may be given. Under the first method,
the legislature alone, by two-thirds vote of each house,
could give the state's consent without a vote of the
people. Under the second method, both the legislature
and the people must demonstrate that the state
consents to the change. First the legislature, by the
majority vote of each house, approves the change. If
approved by the legislature, the question is submitted to
the people to approve or disapprove. The resolution also
explains the methods for submitting the question to the people.
FULL TEXT OF PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT:
Article XII, Constitution of the State of Alaska, is
amended by adding a new section to read:
Sec. 14. APPROVAL OF FEDERAL AMENDMENT TO STATEHOOD ACT AFFECTING AN
INTEREST OF THE STATE UNDER THAT ACT. A
federal statute or proposed federal statute that affects an
interest of this State under the Act admitting Alaska to
the Union is ineffective as against the State interest
unless approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of
the legislature or approved by the people of the State.
The legislature may, by a resolution passed by a
majority vote of each house, place the question of
approval of the federal statute on the ballot for the next
general election unless in the resolution placing the
question of approval, the legislature requires the
question to be placed before the voters at a special
election. The approval of the federal statute by the
people of the State is not effective unless the federal
statute described in the resolution is ratified by a
majority of the qualified voters of the State who vote on
the question. Unless a summary of the question is
provided in the resolution passed by the legislature, the
lieutenant governor shall prepare an impartial summary
of the question. The lieutenant governor shall present
the question to the voters so that a "yes" vote on the
question is a vote to approve the federal statute.
STATEMENT IN SUPPORT:
The Statehood Compact is a contract that was entered
into between the federal government and the people of
Alaska at Statehood in 1958. It set forth the conditions
and provisions through which Alaska would be admitted
to the Union as the 49th state. Before the Compact was
finalized, it had to be agreed to and voted upon by the
people of Alaska. The Compact protects important
rights granted to Alaskans like oil lease royalties and the
people's interest in Alaska's resources.
Despite its importance to the public, Alaska's Statehood
Compact was not coupled with a method for future amend-
ments. In 1976, the Legislature passed a law requiring
legislative or popular approval of any federal changes to the
Compact before they would become effective.
The measure before you today seeks to take some of
that important power out of the hands of the Legislature
and return it to the people. If the Statehood Compact is
to be changed -- and important rights affecting all
Alaskans along with it -- the people should be allowed to
vote on the changes. Just as the Constitution requires
voter approval before it can be changed, so too should
the Statehood Compact.
If you vote to adopt this measure, any change to the
Statehood Compact affecting Alaska would have to
either be voted on by the public on a ballot like this one,
or be approved by a "super majority" of the Legislature,
which is 2/3 of each house, as opposed to the usual
simple majority that is required to amend ordinary laws.
Important rights are at stake here. Rights that could
affect you and your family significantly. In fact, right
now, there is litigation going on between the State of
Alaska and the federal government over the amount of
oil lease revenues the state was promised in the
Statehood Compact. If we win the lawsuit, it could
mean tens of billions of dollars for the state, which
would obviously benefit us all. If the federal government
prevails, we get nothing -- all because Congress chose
to change the terms of the Compact and give Alaska
less oil lease money than was originally promised.
Don't give the federal government the ability to rearrange
the Statehood Compact as they see fit. Vote YES to keep
those important decisions in the hands of Alaskan voters.
Then, the next time a federal law comes along proposing to
cut Alaska's income under the Compact, you, the voter, will
have something to say about it.
President of the Senate
STATEMENT IN OPPOSITION:
A Statement In Opposition to Ballot Measure 1 was not
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